Unit 8 – Children, Adolescents, and Adults


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Unit 8 – Children, Adolescents, and Adults


This unit examines the achievement gap and the role of career counseling at all ages. This course is required for several specializations; however, all of you will work with children and adolescents at some point in your career. If you work in schools you will help prepare young people for college or the work force, and those of you in other specializations will collaborate with schools. This unit will help give school counselors a better understanding of parents who are coping with career issues and how this impacts the student. This cross section of specializations makes it a unique and beneficial experience for all in this course. Children Adolescents and Adults


To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:

  1. Describe how a counselor in your specialization integrates career counseling into his or her practice.
  2. Describe the career counseling models a counselor uses in his or her practice (for example, P–12 comprehensive career development, models of clinical mental health counseling, et cetera).
  3. Describe a counselor’s career counseling work with those who are of a different culture or race.
  4. Identify the inventories and assessments a counselor uses for career counseling and describe how they are integrated into individual or group career plans. Children Adolescents and Adults
  5. Assess what you learned from an informational interview on career counseling.
  6. Analyze the influence of the developmental lifespan model on career and educational planning, placement, and evaluation.
  7. Identify models that would be appropriate for children and adolescents in the school setting, including identity models

[u08s1] Unit 8 Study 1


Studies Readings

Use your Career Counseling text to read the following:

  • Chapter 15, “Career-Related Programs for Career Development in Elementary Schools,” pages 346–368.
  • Chapter 16, “Career-Related Programs for Career Development in Middle School,” pages 369–385.
  • Chapter 17, “Career-Related Programs for Career Development in High School and Beyond,” pages 386–406.

Use the Library to read ONE of the following articles related to your specialization, or find your own related article in the library:


  • Use the Library
  • u08s3] Unit 8 Study 3

Assignment Work

Your final assignment in this course is due next week, in Unit 9. Start work on your assignment this week, so you have plenty of time to complete it. Review the assignment instructions and scoring rubric for the Individual Career Plan assignment in Unit 9 before beginning your work. Children Adolescents and Adults


Discussion 1: 1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.

Informational Interview Sharing

Informational interviews can be great tools for your clients or students (and you) to use to explore potential career options. For this discussion, summarize your informational interview so your peers can learn from your research. Include the specialization of the person interviewed and summarize the responses to the following questions:

  • In what kind of environment does the person work (school, community center, private practice) and how has that environment affected his or her own career development? Children Adolescents and Adults
  • How does the interviewee integrate career counseling into his or her practice?
  • What career counseling models does the counselor use in his or her practice (school counselors should consider P-12 comprehensive career development; mental health counselors consider theories and models of clinical mental health counseling)?
  • What inventories or assessments does the person use and how are they integrated into the individual or group career plans? Children Adolescents and Adults
  • Describe their work with those who are of a different culture or race.
  • What strategies for career development program planning, organization, implementation, administration, and evaluation does the interviewee use?
  • What are the rewards and challenges to the job?
  • What advice did the person have for you as a counselor in training to integrate career counseling into your specialization?
  • How did this informational interview increase your knowledge about integrating career counseling into your specialization?

In your post, please also include any additional, relevant information or insights you gained from your interview.

Discussion 2: 1 page needed with minimum of 250 words and 2 references.

Career Counseling Across the Lifespan

For this discussion, synthesize your understanding of career counseling as an integral part of human development. From the perspective of your specialization, how does the developmental lifespan perspective influence career and educational planning, placement, and evaluation? Discuss the influence of career counseling when working with children (elementary school), adolescents (secondary), and older adults. Identify models that would be appropriate for children and adolescents in the school setting, including identity models such as Erik Erickson. Children Adolescents and Adults


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