YOUTH HOMELESSNESS IN AUSTRALIA


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Introduction

There is increased interest in the issue of homelessness in Australia. Nonetheless, there is a considerate debate on the precise definition of the issue and how people should be officially recognized as homelessness.YOUTH HOMELESSNESS IN AUSTRALIA The most effective definition was used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in the 2001 census which termed homelessness as a relative concept in reference to how society understands minimum accommodation which each individual should have with exceptions with a few people in institutions such as prisons, student colleges and nursing homes (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012). Therefore, the minimum accommodation includes the minimum living arrangements whereby individuals have the sufficient facilities to have a daily living whereby their safety and physical health are not compromised. Homelessness is a critical issue in Australia whereby it is estimated that 25% of the homeless people are aged between 12-24 years. About 44% of the homeless people in Australia are female and family breakdown is the most commonly cited reason for homelessness (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012). The Northern territory has the highest number of homeless people (730 people per 10,000) while Victoria has the least number of homeless people (42 people per 10,000 people) (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012). Homelessness is on the rise in Australia and the number of youths who are homeless has increased drastically. Philosophically, the concept of homelessness in Australia can be explained from cultural, social, political, and moral environments.

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Watson, J. & Cuervo, H. (2017) ‘Youth homelessness: A social justice approach.’ Journal of Sociology, 53(2): 23-30

Watson, J. (2016) ‘Gender-based Violence and Young Homeless Women: Femininity, Embodiment and Vicarious Physical Capital.’ Sociological Review, 64(2): 256–73