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Management of environmental pollution in UK
United Kingdom management of environmental pollution and the measures proposed to reduce production of waste materials
There have been increased global concerns over the increased effects of waste products in the environment especially the release of harmful and toxic gases in the atmosphere which have increased the global warming effects in the last few years. Carbon dioxide gas, methane, and sulphur compound gases have been contributing immensely towards the environmental destruction whereby, their effects of global warming have been experienced by the nations which borders the world water bodies. Furthermore, most of European nations have been experiencing flooding in these coastal areas as well as increased respiratory complications caused by hazardous gases. Following the arguments of Department for Environmental, Food and Rural Affairs, the government of United Kingdom had to implement the environmental policies in order to curb down this effects by signing and agree to adopt the measures proposed in the Kyoto Protocol (20). The Protocol was adopted in 1997 in Japan and had aimed at committing the developed nations which had largest emission of green house gas such as China, Brazil, and India which did not have emission targets to reduce emission by 5% by the year 2012. The government of UK had been committed to reduce global warming effects and had passed the Climate Change Act in 2008 which was aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by the middle of the 21st century. The committed established to oversee the implementation of the Act had aimed at ensuring that emission should have fallen by 34% by year 2020 and to rise by 42% if there would be collaboration with other nations.
Land filling problem and the impacts to the environment
Land filling is where a low-lying land is used to dumping of solid waste materials by burying it and covering with earth especially in reclaiming a land or increasing its use. Although this method have been used in most of the European nations especially in the United Kingdom, the method have posed a lot of challenges to both the physical and human environment.Management of environmental pollution in UK The challenges emerge due to the alteration of chemical composition of the materials in the soil and this affects the vegetation growth of a place. Furthermore, there effects to the water bodies where infiltrating water to the underground carries the toxic products from the buried refuse.
The underground water later collects to form rivers and later the water finds its way to the water bodies’ where it’s accessed by the human and relied upon by the aquatic life. According to the data released by the European Union on waste streams in 2004, it indicated that the European nations had produced 87.9 tonnes of biodegradable waste, 79.5 tonnes of waste paper, 70.5 tonnes of waste wood products, and 12.1 tonnes of textiles waste products.
However, of all the waste products released, little had been re-used and all the rest had been used in landfills. Although much of the biodegradable waste will be consumed through the natural process, much of the inorganic waste would remain buried in the ground forever. Furthermore, though the decomposition of the biodegradable waste products, harmful chemicals might be released in the water bodies such as nitrates and phosphates which could interfere with the growth of phytoplankton.
Alternatives to waste management in the European Union and the United Kingdom
There have been many proposed alternatives to waste management in the United Kingdom but some of them have been proven non effective in the reduction of waste especially in the European urban areas. Management of environmental pollution in UK However, the most effective and the applicable methods in the United Kingdom that the government have been advocating for, are, reducing, re use and recycle. The government have been advocating for reduction in the purchase and production of surplus goods some of which goes to waste since they are not used. Shoppers are being advised to buy what they can be able to consume for a short time and end without having the left over’s.
The manufacturing sector have been advised to use what they are required to produce for a short period since having much of organic raw materials will lead to damage and this will be discarded as waste. Shoppers are advised to purchase high quality goods in order to avoid upgrading them as well as using minimum packages when packing goods together with recycling the packaging materials.
Much of the consumer products and packaging materials can be re used since the wrappings are not destroyed in consumption of such goods. Plastic cans can be re used as water cans or can be used to keep other house hold products such as salt and sugar. Polythene bags used in packaging as well as wrappings of goods can be re used again for packing or for carrying light products while shopping. Old furniture and electrical appliances which have been discarded can be donated to schools and friends who might be in need of them.
Sheets of papers used on one side can be used for printing of posters on the other clean side while beverage containers can be returned to the manufacturers to re-using them again especially the soft drinks products. Management of environmental pollution in UK Recycling have been another alternative and can be used to create to entrepreneurship opportunities through creation of recycling industries such as plastics industries. Recycling metal materials is one of the best ways of ensuring that metal waste materials are not discarded together with other products which could be considered organic. Recycling creates employment opportunities o those involved in collection of the waste materials, sorting, transporting and processing them to new products.
Landfill as an indicator of market failure and government failures
The presences of dump sites landfills are indicators of market failure in the European Union and especially in the United Kingdom. Market has been unable to control the supply and demand of goods as well as strategies to avoid production of waste materials used together with the consumer goods. The government of the United Kingdom has also failed to strategise in formulation of policies which could be aimed at controlling the manufacturing sector form producing excess products some of which goes to waste. The governments within European nations should take a more proactive, strategic approach to driving a green innovation whereby green industry can help to strengthen innovation system and secure comparative advantages in key sectors especially manufacturing.
In conclusion, environmental managements is one of the consideration that all central governments in the European Union should be considering since, environmental pollution affects nearly all the economical sectors. Business activities are determined by what the environment offers and how it is managed hence it’s important to ensure that environment is not harmed in order to avoid disrupting business operations. Furthermore, resources will not be waste in the efforts to reverse the environmental conditions after pollution.Management of environmental pollution in UK European Union has been spending Billions or Euros in holding of conferences which are aimed at formulation of policies which would ensure sustainable development as well as a manageable environment.
Department for Environmental, Food and Rural Affairs. “A Strategy for Hazardous Waste Management in England.” Hazardous and International Waste Team. 2010.