Differences between Health Inequalities and Disparities
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (Benedict, 2011), health disparity is the difference in health status among different parts of the population in an area including dissimilarities that are as a result of race, ethnicity, education, income level, disability, gender, and residing in different geographical areas. There is a tendency of using health disparity and health inequality interchangeably but in the real sense they are different. Health inequality is therefore described as a situation where health care is not provided equally members of society because they have impartial accessibility to resources like clean air, education, and water or work in unhealthy conditions.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Health Disparities and Inequalities Report. Retrieved on March 23, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/reports/CHDIR11/ExecutiveSummary.pdf