Criminal Behavior Theories


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Criminal Behavior Theories

There are different motives of committing a crime and in most cases juveniles are guided by these motives. Criminology theories have clearly indicated the different reasons as to why juveniles engage in criminal behaviors. The differential association theory by Edwin Sutherland indicates that the motives of committing a crime come from a relationship in a peer. In this case, when youths are relating together they influence each other in a learning approach and some of them may feel that committing a certain crime is a fun. Sutherland indicated that through interaction with others, people come to learn attitudes, values, motives, and techniques for criminal behaviors. This theory mainly talks about how individuals become criminals but does not explain why they become criminals. The aspect of learning is given much consideration since in an interaction group, individuals learn a lot of things from their peers and hence if there is one individual with information concerning how to commit a certain crime or how he or she had ever committed the crime, others will learn the techniques used and may attempt to commit the same crime.

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Works Cited

Adler, Freda, Laufer, William, & Melton, Robert. The Legacy of Anomie Theory. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1999. Print

Gaylord, Mark & Galliher, John. The Criminology of Edwin Sutherland. New York: Wiley, 1988. Print