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- Personality Disorders (Classified on Axis II) are often mis-diagnosed. Briefly discuss a few reasons for this problem.
Personality disorders (classified on Axis II) are often mis-diagnosed because many people with this disorder meet the criteria for more than single disorder. With personality disorders being divided into three clusters including Cluster A (which is characterized by eccentricity, or withdrawal from social environment), Cluster B (which comprises of antisocial behaviors, highly emotional personalities, and inconsistency) and Cluster C (comprising of obsessive compulsive, and anxiety or fear). Essentially, many patients for personality disorders on Axis II are prone to exhibit more than one criterion. class work Considering that personality disorders are enduring patterns of inner experiences and behaviors which deviates markedly from the expected behavior of the individual, exhibiting a series of behaviors falling under different criteria may make it difficult for psychiatrists to classify the disorders on Axis II.
Behavioral treatment approaches to alcoholism including alcoholics anonymous (AA), cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and motivational enhancement therapy (MET) have all shown significant usefulness on treating alcoholic dependent patients. However, individuals who receive AA therapy tend to be more likely to abstain from alcohol quickly than those who receive CBT of MET. This is because both CBT and MET involves teaching the patients to abstain from alcoholism by themselves, and this may take a bit of long time before the patient abstains completely from the alcoholism behavior.class work On the other hand, AA facilitation therapy, which comprises of formal programs administered to help alcoholics to recover from their behavior. In this regard, the outcome of AA therapy can be considered as being quicker, though the patients usually have higher chances of getting back to the problem if no counseling services were offered to the patient.