Bio fuels production in Brazil
Bio fuels are energies derived from transformation of living matters both form animals and plants products and they includes sugarcane, corn, algae’s, animal fats and vegetable oils. Others include methane which is produced from the decomposition of manure in farming. Most of the biogas energies are produced in form of liquid or gaseous state due to the suitability of transportation, delivery process, and in consumption through burning. Bio fuels are largely produced alongside other organic materials or into the food processing production and also in agricultural activities such as large scale dairy farming. In Brazil, one of the world suppliers of sugar cane products, sugarcane has been used in the manufacture of bio fuel for many generations. Following the arguments of Langeveld, Brazil has also exporting other agricultural products such as pork, beef, and poultry products and has emerged to be the home for the production of oranges and beef products than any other nation in the world (12). Processing of the food products and preparation for exportation process leads to production of lager amounts of organic waste products within the country which could be transformed to produce energy. The national government of Brazil has embarked for many years in the formulation of policies which are aimed at increasing ethanol productions well as other bio fuels in order to reduce over reliance on oils and electricity to drive industrial engines as the country is one of the most industrialized nation worldwide. Through national Ethanol Program which was introduced in 1975, Brazil had tried to make the nation less dependent of oils and other petroleum products by developing techniques aimed at producing ethanol in large scale amount. However, by manufacturing anhydrous ethanol, Brazil aimed at reducing the consumption of gasoline by machines and vehicles and has been one of the successful nations in the export of gasoline vehicles which uses anhydrous ethanol to reduce usage.
Neto, Steidle. “Potential Crops for Biodiesel Production in Brazil: A review.” World Journals of Agricultural Sciences. (2011), 7(2): 206-211
Wright, Allan. “Brazil-U.S biofuel Co operations: One Year Later.” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Brazil Institute journals. (2008), 2-7