The Right to City: Key Challenges Exist In Creating More Socially-Inclusive Cities For The Twenty-First Century
Annotated Bibliography The Right to City. Currently, cities are in a state of instability whereby they exhibit complex dynamics at the centre of sustainability challenges such as urbanization and climate change. Cities have been widely regarded as the agents of change. However, achieving socially- inclusive cities face some major challenges. Over 3 billion people migrate to urban cities weekly in the whole world. Due to globalization and technological development, this migration has improved from rural- urban to between cities in the world. Annotated Bibliography The Right to City.
This new form of urbanization has resulted to emerging of megacities such as Beijing, Hong Kong, Manila, New Delhi, and Mumbai among others. These cities are not only growing in population but are also becoming diverse and ethnically heterogeneous. As urban population increase in size and diversity, there are social injustices directed to some people especially the minority, low income earners, and the disabled. Individuals living in cities have a common right of transformation that is dependent on exercising a collective power in order to reshape the process of urbanization. Ensuring a socially- inclusive cities especially in the emerging economies is faced with severe challenges such as large inequality gap.
Keywords: socially inclusive, demographic or social issue, right to the city, challenges of creating more socially-inclusive cities
Herrle, P. & Walther, U. (2005). Socially inclusive cities: Emerging concepts and practice. New York: LIT
Khosla, R. (2016). Levelling up: The challenge of creating inclusive cities. ORF occasional paper 94. Delhi: Observer Research Foundation.
Shin, H. (2013). The right to the city and critical reflections on China’s property rights activism. Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography, 45 (5): 1167-1189
Srivastava, A. (2017). Segregated data of urban poor for inclusive urban planning in India: Needs and challenges. Sage Open Journal, 1(2): 1-12