Whether abortion is a matter of choice or a crime is a political issue that every politician in America and many states in the world cannot ignore. Although the issue of abortion has a long history, it gained political perspectives in 1973 when the Supreme Court in (Roe v. Wade) delivered a controversial ruling which found out that most laws prohibiting first trimester abortions were illegal since they infringed on a woman’s right to privacy. This ruling crystallized a national debate that featured those who were against abortion and those who supported abortion. Those who opposed the legalization of abortion grouped under the pro-life movement while those countering this view grouped under the pro-choice movement. Since then legislation like the Partial-Birth Abortion Act of 2003 and various court rulings have attracted protracted debates.
Nossiff, Rosemary. Before Roe: Abortion Policy in the States. Ney York: Temple University Press, 2001. Print.